Cold snaps and heat waves can be challenging and as deadly as any other natural disaster. You can successfully weather these times through careful pre-season preparation and the right strategies during an extreme heat event.
Summer Weather Terms to Know
Heat Wave - Period of extreme heat, usually also accompanied by high humidity.
Heat Index - The relative humidity added to the air temperature - how hot it feels.
Heat Cramps - Muscle pain due to exertion - the first symptom/sign of heat related medical problems.
Heat Exhaustion - A mild form of shock brought on by strenuous activity in the heat.
Heat Stroke - A life-threatening condition occurring when the body's temperature control system shuts down. Brain damage or death can result if the body is not cooled at once.
Frost/Freeze Warning - Temperatures are expected to drop below freezing.
During a Heat Wave
Stay indoors in air conditioning as much as possible, and in the shade if you go outside.
If your home is not air conditioned, spend at least two hours daily at an air conditioned mall, library or other public place.
Wear sunscreen outside, along with light-colored clothes that cover as much skin as possible.
Drink water regularly even if you are not thirsty. Limit alcohol, which speed dehydration.
Never leave children or pets alone in the car.
Avoid exertion during the hottest part of the day.